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Politics and Society

A collection of digital resources to support Politics & Society
by Scoilnet

 

 

Hobbes
Locke
Marx
Nozick
Walby
Lynch
Freire

The condition of man . . . is a condition of war, of everyone against everyone  - Thomas Hobbes (Leviathan, 1651)

Political Theory - Thomas Hobbes

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9i4jb5XBX5s Added: 29 Aug 2016 Contributor: Scoilnet Resource type: Guide/notes

Short 6 min video explaining the thinking of Thomas Hobbes and poses the question why people should follow the law of rulers - especially those who may not be considered 'good'. It explains how Hobbes favoured the 'social contract' over the 'devine right of kings'. Explains terms like 'the state of nature' and 'leviathan'. Explains the historical influences that shaoped his thinking.

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How it maps to the curriculum

SC
Politics & Society

Strand: 01. Power & Decision Making

Suggestions for use: Very student-friendly. Could be played in class followed by a discussion on his philosophy.

Asset type: Video
Language: English
Rights: All rights reserved
Special Needs:

Leviathan - Summary

http://www.myteacherpages.com/webpages/DWeber1/files/leviathanch1.pdf Added: 29 Aug 2016 Contributor: Scoilnet Resource type: Guide/notes

Short one-page article that summarises the main philosophy of Thomas Hobbes' Leviathan. It also includes definitions for the main concepts contained in Hobbes' philosophy, e.g. Commonwealth, Contract, Laws of Nature, Sovereignty.

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How it maps to the curriculum

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Politics & Society

Strand: 01. Power & Decision Making

Suggestions for use: Useful to give the students a feel for the political philosophy of Hobbes - one of the main thinkers on the topic of 'power'.

Asset type: Online Resource
Language: English
Rights: All rights reserved
Special Needs:

Locke versus Hobbes

http://jim.com/hobbes.htm Added: 29 Aug 2016 Contributor: Scoilnet Resource type: Guide/notes

Contrasts the various premises held by the political philosopehrs John Locke and Thomas Hobbes. Both men are considered 'social theorists' but both have quide different views on such issues as human nature and conflict.

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How it maps to the curriculum

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Politics & Society

Suggestions for use: Very useful document to show how Hobbes and Locke differ on some very basic principles. Students should look at this when considering their views on Power and decision making.

Asset type: Online Resource
Language: English
Rights: All rights reserved
Special Needs:

Hobbesian Politics

http://faculty.history.wisc.edu/sommerville/367/367-092.htm Added: 29 Aug 2016 Contributor: Scoilnet Resource type: Guide/notes

Series of short points and quotations from the writing of Thomas Hobbes. Rather dated layout but it covers his thoughts on Self-Preservation; The State of Nature; the Covenant; Sovereignty; Families and conquest; God and Religion.

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How it maps to the curriculum

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Politics & Society

Strand: 01. Power & Decision Making

Asset type: Online Resource
Language: English
Rights: All rights reserved
Special Needs:

Hobbes' Political and Ethical Theories in Two Pages

http://reasonandmeaning.com/category/hobbes/ Added: 29 Aug 2016 Contributor: Scoilnet Resource type: Guide/notes

Explains the thinking behind Hobbes' 'social contract' and the reasons why people should be 'moral'. Concludes by posing the question of why individuals should or should not consider non-moral ways of behaving if they can get away with it.

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How it maps to the curriculum

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Politics & Society
Asset type: Online Resource
Language: English
Rights: All rights reserved
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The end of law is not to abolish or restrain, but to preserve and enlarge freedom - John Locke (Second Treatise of Civil Government, 1690)

Political Theory - John Locke

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bZiWZJgJT7I Added: 29 Aug 2016 Contributor: Scoilnet Resource type: Guide/notes

Brief 6 min video introducing and explaining the thinking of the 17th century philosopher. Covers his philosophy on how to educate children; who should rule the nation; the role of the state in handling religious belief. Locke was an advocate for 'freedom of belief' and explained that the state had no role in restricting religious belief. It also covers the arguments that Locke puts forward for the right of people to overthrow governments.

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How it maps to the curriculum

SC
Politics & Society

Strand: 01. Power & Decision Making

Suggestions for use: Could be played to the class and followed by a discussion on what students understand to be his basic beliefs. Could also provide material for a consideration of how his thoughts differ from that of Hobbes.

Asset type: Video
Language: English
Rights: All rights reserved
Special Needs:

How do the Social Contract Theories of Hobbes, Locke and Rousseau Differ?

https://www.quora.com/How-do-the-So...of-Hobbes-Locke-and-Rousseau-differ Added: 29 Aug 2016 Contributor: Scoilnet Resource type: Guide/notes

Explains what is generally meant by the theory of social contract and gives a brief explanation of how the three thinkers had different understandings about it. Differences can be explained by the three philosophers' understanding of human nature.

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How it maps to the curriculum

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Politics & Society

Strand: 01. Power & Decision Making

Suggestions for use: Student-friendly article. Students can be directed to read independently and to discuss afterwards.

Asset type: Online Resource
Language: English
Rights: All rights reserved
Special Needs:

John Locke on Equality, Toleration and the Atheist Exception

http://www.inquiriesjournal.com/art...oleration-and-the-atheist-exception Added: 29 Aug 2016 Contributor: Scoilnet Resource type: Guide/notes

Scholarly article on the political philosophy of Locke. Covers his theory of social contract and the political thinking behind his Second Treatise on Government - his seminal work outlining his political philosophy.

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How it maps to the curriculum

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Politics & Society

Strand: 01. Power & Decision Making

Suggestions for use: Probably more useful for the teacher but it will inform you about the main elements of Locke's thinking.


Strand: 03. Human Rights & Responsibilities

Suggestions for use: Probably more useful for the teacher but it will inform you about the main elements of Locke's thinking.

Asset type: Online Resource
Language: English
Rights: All rights reserved
Special Needs:

Political Philosophy - John Locke

http://www.philosophypages.com/hy/4n.htm Added: 29 Aug 2016 Contributor: Scoilnet Resource type: Guide/notes

Article exploring the political thinking of Locke. Covers his thoughts on property, civil society and revolution. Quite text heavy but solid information. Links to original material are not functioning.

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How it maps to the curriculum

SC
Politics & Society

Strand: 03. Human Rights & Responsibilities

Suggestions for use: Probably more suited to the teacher initially. Dated appearance but potentially useful as an introduction to Locke and his thoughts.

Asset type: Online Resource
Language: English
Rights: Attribution-Noncommercial Share Alike Creative Commons
Special Needs:

Locke versus Hobbes

http://jim.com/hobbes.htm Added: 29 Aug 2016 Contributor: Scoilnet Resource type: Guide/notes

Contrasts the various premises held by the political philosopehrs John Locke and Thomas Hobbes. Both men are considered 'social theorists' but both have quide different views on such issues as human nature and conflict.

View full description

How it maps to the curriculum

SC
Politics & Society

Suggestions for use: Very useful document to show how Hobbes and Locke differ on some very basic principles. Students should look at this when considering their views on Power and decision making.

Asset type: Online Resource
Language: English
Rights: All rights reserved
Special Needs:

The ruling ideas of each age have ever been the ideas of its ruling class. - Karl Marx (The Communist Manifesto, 1848)

Karl Marx

https://www.scoilnet.ieuploads/resources/16611/16287.docx Added: 24 Mar 2016 Contributor: Scoilnet Resource type: Guide/notes

Explores the political and economic philosophy of Marx - one of the 19th century's most influencial thinkers. It briefly explains Marx's thinking on Social Conflict Theory as well as the main proposals contained in the Communist Mannifesto. The notes were written by PDST (Anne O'Brien).

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How it maps to the curriculum

SC
Politics & Society

Suggestions for use: Should be used when studying the main thinkers influencing Politics and Society.

Asset type: Document
Language: English
Rights: Attribution-Noncommercial Share Alike Creative Commons
Special Needs:

Karl Marx

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fSQgCy_iIcc Added: 13 Apr 2016 Contributor: Gary Carley Resource type: Audio / Video

Key thinker

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How it maps to the curriculum

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Politics & Society

Strand: 01. Power & Decision Making

Strand unit: Power & Decision Making - School

Asset type: Video
Language: English
Rights: Attribution-ShareAlike Creative Commons
Special Needs:

Communist Manifesto

http://www.anu.edu.au/polsci/marx/classics/manifesto.html Added: 30 May 2005 Contributor: Scoilnet Resource type: Primary Source

Read the Communist Manifesto, one of the most influential books in European History. It was written in 1848 by Karl Marx.

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How it maps to the curriculum

SC
History

Strand: Later Modern Europe

Strand unit: 1 State Formation 1815-1871

Asset type: Online Resource
Language: English
Rights: All rights reserved
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Individuals have rights and there are things no person or group may do to them (without violating their rights) - Robert Nozick

Robert Nozick - American Philosopher

https://www.britannica.com/biography/Robert-Nozick Added: 29 Aug 2016 Contributor: Scoilnet Resource type: Guide/notes

A look at the life, career and thoughts of the modern American philosopher who died in 2002. Known as a 'libertarian' his book 'Anarchy, State and Utopia' (1974) argued for state minimialism - only the minimal state is justified. This Britannica article also examines his entitlement theory of justice and contrasts his thinking with that of John Rawls.

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How it maps to the curriculum

SC
Politics & Society

Strand: 03. Human Rights & Responsibilities

Suggestions for use: Good general overview - useful for students to read in their own time.


Strand: 01. Power & Decision Making

Suggestions for use: Good general overview - useful for students to read in their own time.

Asset type: Online Resource
Language: English
Rights: All rights reserved
Special Needs:

Video on Robert Nozick's tale of the slave.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uxRSkM8C8z4 Added: 22 Aug 2016 Contributor: Donal Mc Carthy Resource type: Audio / Video

Short summing up of Nozick's important allegory on the limits on individual liberty in society

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How it maps to the curriculum

SC
Politics & Society

Strand: 01. Power & Decision Making

Strand unit: Power & Decision Making - National / European

Suggestions for use: Nozick is a key thinker in Strand One and this video is a great way to start a debate in class around his ideas of how even democratic states limit freedom for the individual.

Asset type: Video
Language: English
Rights: All rights reserved
Special Needs:

Video introducing Robert Nozick and Individual Liberty

http://bigthink.com/videos/robert-nozick-individual-liberty-trumps-all Added: 22 Aug 2016 Contributor: Donal Mc Carthy Resource type: Audio / Video

Short primer video on Nozick and his key political idea on Individual Liberty

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How it maps to the curriculum

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Politics & Society

Strand: 01. Power & Decision Making

Strand unit: Power & Decision Making - National / European

Suggestions for use: Relates to topic 2.7 in strand 1 on Power and decision making. Nozick is one of the key thinkers students should have an understanding of.

Asset type: Video
Language: English
Rights: All rights reserved
Special Needs:

John Rawls and Robert Nozick: Liberalism v Libertarianism

https://parallelnarratives.com/john...ozick-liberalism-vs-libertarianism/ Added: 29 Aug 2016 Contributor: Scoilnet Resource type: Guide/notes

Essay exploring the similarities and differencies between the basic philosophies of Rawls and Nozick. The essay also gives some practical questions to consider when thinking about their respective opinions. (Article open to public comments.)

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How it maps to the curriculum

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Politics & Society

Strand: 03. Human Rights & Responsibilities

Suggestions for use: Good overview of both philosophies and the practical questions could form the basis for a class discussion.

Asset type: Online Resource
Language: English
Rights: All rights reserved
Special Needs:

Liberated from the home, women now have the whole of society in which to be exploited - Sylvia Walby

The Big Thinkers - Sylvia Walby

http://www.ncca.ie/en/Curriculum_an...ics_and_Society/Sylvia-Walby-V2.pdf Added: 30 Aug 2016 Contributor: Scoilnet Resource type: Guide/notes

NCCA document looking at the work and thoughts of the leading 'feminist' thinker, Sylvia Welby. It looks at different forms of feminism and at and Welby's 'Six Structures of Patriarchy'.

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How it maps to the curriculum

SC
Politics & Society

Strand: 01. Power & Decision Making

Strand unit: Power & Decision Making - National / European

Suggestions for use: Important article to give a feel for the thoughts of Sylvia Welby. Can be printed out and given to students. Use as part of a discussion on the future of feminism.

Asset type: Document
Language: English
Rights: All rights reserved
Special Needs:

We all come from a way of thinking about the world which is not necessarily objective - Kathleen Lynch

Presentation on Social Inequality: Kathleen Lynch

https://www.scoilnet.ieuploads/resources/18943/18624.pptx Added: 23 Aug 2016 Contributor: Donal Mc Carthy Resource type: Presentation

Presentation by one of the Course Key Thinkers on Social Inequality

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How it maps to the curriculum

SC
Politics & Society

Strand: 01. Power & Decision Making

Strand unit: Power & Decision Making - National / European

Suggestions for use: A Key thinker from Strand 1 on Social inequality this is an unedited presentation from Kathleen Lynch's UCD course on Social Inequality. For stronger groups parts of this could be used unedited when addressing Social Class as a source of Inequality in Strand 1

Asset type: Presentation
Language: English
Rights: All rights reserved
Special Needs:

Inside Education - Interview with Kathleen Lynch

http://insideeducation.podbean.com/...cation-and-social-justice-21-10-15/ Added: 30 Aug 2016 Contributor: Scoilnet Resource type: Audio / Video

103.2 Dublin City FM interview with Professor Kathleen Lynch (UCD) about her keynote address to teachers in 2011. She discusses ideologies that shape education and in particular the teaching of social justice. Also covers the application of market values (neoliberalism) to school management. Duration: 30 mins.

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How it maps to the curriculum

SC
Politics & Society

Strand: 01. Power & Decision Making

Suggestions for use: More teacher-focused. Will give a good outline of the thinking of Kathleen Lynch.

Asset type: Audio
Language: English
Rights: All rights reserved
Special Needs:

One cannot expect positive results from an educational or political action program which fails to respect the particular view of the world held by the people - Paulo Freire (Pedagogy of the Oppressed, 1968)

Paulo Freire and Peace Education

https://www.scoilnet.ieuploads/resources/19141/18822.doc Added: 31 Aug 2016 Contributor: Scoilnet Resource type: Guide/notes

Scholarly article of over 2,000 words looking at Freire's key concepts in education. Covers huis views on: democratic teacher-student relationships; education as a political act; and co-construction of knowledge.

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How it maps to the curriculum

SC
Politics & Society

Strand: 03. Human Rights & Responsibilities

Strand unit: Human Rights in Europe / Wider World

Suggestions for use: This is a good article to read to learn about Freire's theories of education. It is not really student-friendly but would be essential reading for teachers.

Asset type: Document
Language: English
Rights: Attribution-Noncommercial Share Alike Creative Commons
Special Needs:


Curriculum Guidelines


Political Beliefs Questionnaire

Adapted from the TES website


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