School level

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The manipulative skill of throwing goes hand in hand with catching, and involves propelling an object away from the body.  This important fundamental movement skill has many variations, including the underhand throw, overhand throw, roll and the two handed throw. This resource focuses on the overhand throw, as many of its principles may be applied to the other variations.  Concepts such as weight transference, generating force, developing a swinging motion and momentum are all important when learning to throw.  The skill is used in a wide range of activities such as throwing a javelin, serving in volleyball, chest pass in basketball, rolling in lawn bowls, pitching in baseball or throwing a paper airplane.

Things to consider

While throwing and catching are very much complementary skills, it is recommended that they are taught somewhat separately with a focus placed on one skill at a time.  Developing throwing technique requires force to be generated and pupils with an immature catching technique may not be able to engage fully with the activity.  To help deal with this it is recommended that soft items such as bean bags, foam balls or other light objects be used to practise throwing initially.

It is also important that the right sized object is used to practise throwing  as larger objects will impact on development.  The object should fit comfortably in the fingers.

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